Feng Wei Edo period in Japan to pursue choice sakoku system www.huangse.com

Feng Wei: Edo period in Japan to pursue "choice" sakoku system [Abstract] the so-called seclusion is not cut off from outside, but prohibited the spread of Christianity and the implementation of strict control on overseas trade. It not means understanding. Although people is one of the three pillars of the Edo shogunate system, but its implementation starts with Toyotomi Hideyoshi as the world’s Momoyama period. The author: Feng Wei (Professor of history at Fudan University, doctoral tutor) of the main point: the Edo period "closed", and is not cut off from outside, but prohibited the spread of Christianity and the implementation of strict control of overseas trade, is the essence of "choice", this is the Japanese draw distinctive characteristics of foreign culture. Data show that the volume of foreign trade throughout the Edo period in Japan is not reduced, but continued to increase. During Japan’s "western culture" in the development of mature. "Closed system" and "high stone" (grain "stone" as a unit, "receive salary) agricultural separation system" (hereditary, scholar, farmer, artisan and merchant) constitute the three pillars of the Edo shogunate system". The city of Edo shogunate, where. The so-called "closed", and is not cut off from outside, but prohibit the spread of Christianity and the implementation of strict control on overseas trade. Therefore do not understand the words. Although people is one of the three pillars of the Edo shogunate system, but its implementation starts with Toyotomi Hideyoshi as "the world" of the Momoyama period. In May 4, 1586, Toyotomi Hideyoshi was awarded as the "return to protect Christian missionaries" called "temple licenses, permits missionaries living in Japan, and give shelter to use their duty, as soldiers do not pay the parking places of Buddhist monks in monasteries such as required to pay the tax privilege. They shall not hinder the preaching of the Christian faith". But in June 19, 1587, 1 years apart, Toyotomi Hideyoshi issued the order to expel the missionaries. 9 days before No Hikarunobu’s portrait of "the order of the expulsion of the preacher," Mr Toyotomi Hideyoshi also gave a great deal of money and food to the missionaries and to the rich. Several times he also joked: "I would like to become a missionary disciple". Why is Toyotomi Hideyoshi’s abrupt reversal of Christianity? The most fundamental reason is that Christianity is not only easy to control, but also contains the dangerous thought of shaking the Japanese rule. In August 1596, the Spanish merchant of Saint · Philip was drifting to the storms of the Tosa (Kochi) urado, one of the crew to go to do routine inspection of the Kyoto Shoshidai Maeda Xuan to boldly said Spain first and then to the priest domestication people, Toyotomi Hideyoshi know that after the conquest, fly in December of that year, manufacturing a celebration in Nagasaki will grow. ": the Franciscan Missionaries of 6 and 20 of the first Christian believers in Japan executions, killing. In 1587 Toyotomi Hideyoshi put down Kyushu, see Christianity has very large appeal in Kyushu name and people, which makes him uneasy. This is undoubtedly the root cause of Toyotomi Hideyoshi’s "expulsion of missionary orders". As one of the "sakoku system" two items of trade control, has also started in the Toyotomi Hideyoshi era. In June 18, 1587, Toyotomi Hideyoshi presented the book". In 1592, Toyotomi Hideyoshi issued.相关的主题文章: